The reality of beds is that not all mattresses created are equal. The fact is more apparent, especially when you are recovering from illness, an injury, or even bedridden for some time. Patients with mobility issues know the benefits of having the right hospital bed for improving. Hospital beds are valid types of beds for any patient with mobility problems. You can use the hospital beds at home to provide you and your family maximum functionality, comfort, and safe stay at home.
Many hospital beds are available in different sizes and with many unique features. The modern hospital beds are convenient for the varied patients’ needs—many patients, when sleeping, require a flat and levelled surface to have a comfortable sleep. But, when awake, most of the patients will prefer head, feet, or even knee elevation for therapy or comfort. Hospital beds are best to suit the patients’ recovery than the standard home beds.
The hospital beds have a typical size ranging from a width of 35-54 inches and a length of 75-88 inches. More extended and broader hospital beds provide an increased degree of comfort and offer accommodation for larger patients. Although, some hospital beds are fit with extension kits to enlarge them in case of a more massive patient.
Moreover, most hospital beds are adjustable, and the adjustments differ from one type to the other. Bed height adjustments allow the patients’ better ingress and egress and great caregiver accessibility. A low hospital bed frame enables the patient to get in and out of bed quickly. The head elevation provides comfort to the patient, even while watching television, eating, or reading. Foot and leg elevation improve the ease of the patient and also helps in therapy.
Different patients can find different types of beds that fit their condition. For instance, a Circoelectric bed is more suitable for patients with severe skin disease and requires no physical touch as it may cause more wound in the body. The person with paralysis and the lame can find it more suitable to use the hi-low bed type to facilitate their easy getting into the bed and out of bed. Pressure and ulcers patients can use the Clinitron types of hospital beds, which helps them to balance body fluids and maintain optimum body temperature.
Thus, you do not need to be worried when choosing the type of medical bed for your patient or yourself regardless of the condition.
Hospital Bed v/s Medical Bed
The term “Hospital Bed” can often be referred to as “Medical Bed”. There is no difference between these two terms and can be used interchangeably. In this entire blog, these two terms are used widely.
Just to proceed with the intricacies of this topic, we shall start with understanding the basic definition of the hospital bed (or medical bed).
Hospital Bed (Definition)
A Hospital Bed or Medical clinic bed or Emergency clinic bed is a bed extraordinarily intended for hospitalized patients or others needing some type of medical services. These beds are for the solace and prosperity of the patients. Common features of these beds include adjustable height for the entire bed, the head, and the feet, adjustable side rails, and electronic buttons to operate both the bed and other nearby electronic devices.
The hospital bed is not just used in hospitals or nursing care centres, but also in other facilities like Aged care centres, nursing homes, outpatient clinics, and at home for home care services. Source: Wikipedia
Types of Hospital Beds
There are various significant types of hospital beds produced currently by different companies and sold at different prices. Most of the digital beds used now are electrical to reduce the straining of the caregiver when adjusting to various positions.
Some of the many hospital beds are discussed in this review to enable you to choose the right hospital bed that is effective and affordable for you.
The following are the different major types of medical beds reviewed.
Full electric hospital beds
The bed is large and specially designed built-in a metal, motorized adjustable height bed frame. It offers the best of the patient’s needs for recovery.
The full electric hospital bed allows for an electric adjustment of the bed frame height, header height, and footer height. The total electric beds can be adjusted by a remote-control gadget, enabling the patient to determine the best and comfortable position.
Full electric medical beds provide a Trendelenburg position where the patient flat on their back while the bed deck and mattress are tilted to place the feet higher than the head to help in circulation. A reverse Trendelenburg position provided is where the patient lies flat on their back while the head is tilted to a higher position than the feet to help in pressure relief and proper breathing.
The cardiac chair position is also conveniently provided by the full electrical medical beds. The cardiac chair position helps patients recover from respiratory illness or heart surgery. Research has proven that heart surgery people may heal faster when they sit in an upright position for a certain period in a day. The posture has to be reached slowly and with little movement.
The cardiac chair feature in the full electric beds moves to a seated position from a flat position minimizing patients’ movement at a controlled speed by the caregiver. The location allows the patient to breathe easily and have an improved circulation at the seated position.
Also, most of the full electric beds allow for the patient lock-out control system to prevent the patient from accidental and harmful repositioning. Most of these control panels are embedded at the side rails or footer panel to allow the nurse to adjust the bed position easily. Most of the conventional full electric beds include Graham-field patriot and Invacare 54101VC clinical beds.
Pros and Cons
Semi-electric hospital beds
The semi-electric beds are almost identical to the full-electric bed, except that the height bed frame of the semi-electric beds is manually adjustable by a hand crank. At the same time, the head and footer are electrically adjustable by using the hand to activate an electric motor. Semi-electric beds are more convenient for patients who do not adjust their bed height frequently. An example of the bed is the Medline bed.
Pros and Cons
Manual hospital beds
Manual hospital beds do not use electricity for adjustments. The foundations are embedded with hand cranks at the foot of the bed to provide for changes. The bed has three cranks at the bed foot below the mattress. One crank is for raising and lowering the whole bed, one other crank is for raising and lowering the head of the bed, and the final crank is for raising and lowering the footer. The manual bed is quite affordable to many.
Pros and Cons
Low hospital beds
Low hospital beds have a distinctive feature of frames that can adjust to a minimum height, just a few inches from the ground. Adjustment of the bed to the lowest position allows for easy ingress and egress for the somehow weaker patients or those at risk of falling injuries.
Low hospital beds also provide safety to patients who are at risk of quickly falling out of bed or moving in or out of bed. An example of a low-type hospital bed is the Invacare low hospital bed, which adjusts to a minimum height of 9.5 inches from the floor.
Pros and Cons
Bariatric hospital beds
Bariatric beds are heavy-duty beds that support much weight than any other hospital beds. Many of these bariatric beds can support up to 700 pounds or even more. The beds are more extensive than others to give more room for the patients. The foundation has a robust deck design with no springs, but it can still adjust the mattress foot and head. An example of this type of bed is the prime plus 100 beds.
Pros and Cons
Trendelenburg hospital beds
The Trendelenburg beds are best for providing all the clinical positions for recovery therapies. The foundation allows many positioning options and disputes the need for bed wedges and pillows. The Trendelenburg beds also offer a recliner chair type positioning, which is mostly required by ageing patients. The beds provide many of the functions and functions provided by all other clinical beds. Trendelenburg positioning needs more room and space to avoid being in contact with other furniture and walls. An example of a Trendelenburg hospital bed is the primers Primecare ultimate.
Pros and Cons
The Clinitron is a particular type of bed meant for patients with health conditions like flaps, ulcers, and pressure and severe skin diseases. The bed reduces tension on the patients because of the sand-like material filling. Dry and warm air circulates through the filling material to maintain an optimum temperature and evenly support the body weight.
The bed can also weigh the patient and maintain fluid balance in the body, which is crucial for recovery. The foundation allows proper positioning of the patient without physically touching the patient and causing more tearing of the skin.
Pros and Cons
The Hi-low hospital beds
Hi-low beds are fully adjustable bed types with an expanded height, head, and foot positioning. The beds are perfect for patients with assisted living situations or home-healthcare like the lame. One end of the bed, head, is elevated to enable gravity to help the patient get out of the bed. However, the whole bed can lower to facilitate the patient to get in or out of the wheelchair.
Also, the hi-low beds can be elevated at the head or foot panels to affect the blood flow and circulation of the patient. Most of the people who require the hi-low hospital beds are like patients with paralysis, car accidents, respiratory problems, amputations, and even Edema. These beds require minimum electric power to operate.
Pros and Cons
Circo-Electric hospital beds
The Circoelectric types of beds allow the beds to rotate within circular bars looking like the giant hamster treadmill. The types of mattresses most commonly used for patients with severe skin conditions, traction, severe burns, and spinal injuries cannot move. Still, they must turn after a certain period according to the standard hospital policies.
Circo Electric beds are fully electric to allow the turning of the frames. According to the medical requirements, these hospitable beds must be adjusted with precise movements, regardless of the patients’ directions and needs.
Pros and Cons
Low Air Loss hospital beds
Low air loss beds are types of hospital beds with unique cushions and designed systems to blow air into sacs within the mattresses. The beds are usually convenient for patients with burns and skin conditions. The beds will help to keep the skin fresh and dry. Also, patients with pressure, ulcers, and circulatory problems can utilize the mattress to reduce tension.
Pros and Cons
Stretcher beds are standard in the hospital emergency rooms. Designed Stretcher beds are for easy mobility. The beds can quickly transfer patients from the house to the ambulance and the operation room and ER unit effectively. The stretcher has folding legs, which makes it convenient to carry and store without occupying much space.
Pros and Cons
Installing hospital beds even at your home for long term recoveries and safety is the best option. The hospital beds will help you provide healthcare to your patient effectively. In the hospital, most of these beds used are of limited number not to accommodate all the patients admitted in the hospital. Hospital beds generally have essential benefits.
The hospital beds make it easy for the caregiver to help you. They are easily adjustable, especially for electric hospital beds. Hospital beds move up and down to give you an easy get in and out of bed without falling. Also, the caregiver will find an easy time while helping you in feeding or changing clothes. There is no room for awkward, unnatural positions to help you get positioned in bed.
Hospital beds will also help you have a comfortable sleep as a patient. Because getting a good night’s sleep is essential to any patient. Whenever you have mobility problems or health problems, being healthy and getting the proper sleeping position can be hectic. Therefore, the hospital bed allows you to adjust yourself easily to a comfortable position and sleep.
The right hospital bed allows you to stay in a better place or home you love most. Many patients would enjoy comfortable positions while resting, reading, and watching television. Having the best hospital bed will allow you to adjust and relax in these different positions you feel. Other hospital beds like Trendelenburg enable you to be in any place you want at whatever condition you are in, whether old or young patients.
Furthermore, designated hospital beds must provide safety to the patients. Especially the Hi-Low hospital beds are designed to move up and down to the minimum height position to allow you to get in or out of bed without risking falling injuries. The rails of the bed can also be adjusted to prevent you from slipping while sleeping. You can also grab the rails while adjusting or repositioning yourself to a comfortable position.
Also, other beds are heavy-duty and wide enough to provide room for the patient. The hospital beds are to accommodate all patients from lightweight to heavyweights. Bariatric hospital beds are one of these types of hospital beds with the ability to provide up to a weight of 700 pounds. The materials used are durable and assures safety to the patient.
Finally, all types of hospital beds are unique and perform almost the same functions, positioning, and adjustments either manually or electrically. The beds have unique designs to provide the patient with a proper healing and recovery process for therapies and even bed rest. For long-lasting recoveries, you can decide to acquire and install the best hospital bed in your house where you can rest with your loved ones.