Medical and Surgical gloves have the primary function of acting as a barrier to preventing any disease transmission between healthcare professionals and patients during medical surgeries. There are various types of medical and surgical gloves available in the market which makes people get confused as to which one to buy suiting their requirement. Therefore, the main motto of this web page is to guide you about the medical and surgical gloves, its different types, its features, the pros-and-cons, and the complete product review. Source: DermNet NZ
Medical gloves v/s Surgical gloves
The main difference between surgical gloves and medical gloves is that medical gloves are always sterile, sealed, and packed in pairs. The manufacturers of surgical gloves always meet the higher level of quality standards and also, surgical gloves have various ranges of sizing than the medical gloves. Source: DermNet
The surgical gloves are worn by surgeons and special health professionals who operate in direct contact with infections, flowing blood, and many other harmful gadgets or contaminants that might cause severe infections. For the professionals wearing surgical gloves, they should be of high quality and puncture resistance.
Medical gloves mostly help in preventing infection between the surgeon and the patient. Medical gloves are usable in procedures that do not need sterile conditions like collecting blood for tests like malaria and HIV. Also, the gloves protect you from any irritation that might be caused by chemicals during tests.
Why and where to wear gloves?
When you are carrying out routine cleaning in a health facility or your home, it is essential to put on gloves.
Covid-19 Pandemic and Importance of Gloves
One of the preventive measures to avoid the chances of infection from Covid-19 (Coronavirus) is to keep the hands clean by washing with soap and water regularly for at least 20 seconds. Or, rub hands by applying few drops of alcohol-based hand sanitizer. The other important measure is to avoid touch eyes, nose, mouth and other bodily parts without cleaning hands.
Though these preventive measures are very important, it is also advised for everyone to use hand gloves to keep it clean at least when outside i.e. at the workplace, schools/colleges, while travelling in local transport and so on. Therefore, the demand and importance of gloves have risen many times.
For some people at the workplace, the gloves are used to protect from hazards like fire, heavy items, welding, construction, etc. Whereas, for some who work in the healthcare section would require gloves which are made of PVC, nitrile, rubber and neoprene for protection against biological hazards.
Types of surgical gloves
The following are some of the types of surgical gloves in medical use.
The Nitrile surgical gloves
The Nitrile surgical gloves are 100% synthetic and contain no natural rubber latex or proteins. The gloves are hand specific, palm textured, beaded cuff, and with curved fingers. Also, they have the durability of five years since the manufacturing date and should be stored in dry conditions to maintain their properties.
Examples of these types of gloves include sterile nitrile gloves, powder-free nitrile gloves, and online surgical gloves.
Dynarex sterile nitrile gloves are an example of nitrile gloves that are also ideal for all medical procedures where there is a need for sterility. These gloves are latex-free and prevent allergies from sensitive medics. The gloves also have a textured surface for better grips and provide maximum strength without losing the tactile sensitivity.
Nitrile gloves are applicable in the health sector, medicine room, laboratory, food processing, automotive, beauty salon, and even maintenance industry operation. These gloves are disposable to prevent the risk of infection and keeping the environment clean.
Also, the gloves are leak-proof, highly anti-corrosion, and suitable for laboratory use, preventing infection by isolating the virus.
The Latex surgical gloves
Latex surgical gloves are available at a range of thicknesses. They have an easy donning and skin moisturizing coating. The latex gloves are also available in different colours, including blue.
The following are examples of latex surgical gloves.
A Curad Textured Latex exam gloves which have superior elasticity, high comfortability, excellent barrier properties, and a good texture surface for grip.
A sterile orthopaedic latex surgical glove with water-based hydrogen coating helps the wearer feel secure in orthopaedic operations.
These blue hospital gloves are latex surgical gloves with Neuthera coating and have a better base layer in a double gloving system.
Sterile latex surgical gloves with a nitrile coating have better protection and fit the user and provide a second-skin comfort of the latex with brown tinting.
Features of latex gloves
Latex surgical gloves have features that fit your unique needs.
- It has a beaded cuff head design that helps to roll down the hand.
- It has a second-skin comfort made of natural rubber latex.
- The gloves have a hand-mould with an independent thumb design that allows for free natural movement in the fingers, thumb, and palms and an anatomical fit of the hand.
Vinyl surgical gloves
Vinyl surgical gloves are non-biodegradable, synthetic, and protein-free gloves made of polyvinyl chloride. They have a longer shelf life and break down over time. The gloves are costly to purchase but can be cheap to make.
Vinyl gloves easily stretch, are highly versatile, and they can hold up punctures and wear out. These gloves are excellent in use in health facilities and for protecting your hands against any contamination like these times of COVID-19 pandemic.
The vinyl gloves are crucial when handling hazardous substances and act as an alternative to Latex gloves for low cost, allergic reactions, and the economy.
Examples of vinyl gloves include.
- Cardinal Health InstaGard vinyl exam glove, which is more comfortable, with medical-grade protections, has a quick donning and is powder-free for cleaner use.
- McKesson Confiderm Vinyl exam gloves with high tactical sensitivity, beaded cuff for donning, smooth both inside and outside.
Sterile surgical gloves
Sterile surgical gloves are primarily useful for surgical operations. These type of gloves while manufacturing will be ensured to meet the FDA standards for quality. Due to these strict standards for sterile surgical gloves, the gloves are much more expensive than the non-sterile gloves used for non-surgical operations.
Sterile surgical gloves can be a capable retrieval bag in the case where costly special equipment is required. These gloves are readily available in various sizes and are good at withstanding forces from laparoscopic procedures.
For instance, standard sterile gloves of size nine can hold up to 1000ml substance.
This type of gloves is available in many categories. Nitrile gloves are available in both sterile and non-sterile, same to latex surgical gloves. In surgical rooms and operations, sterile surgical gloves are highly recommendable because of the intensity of actions that occur.
Sterile gloves will ensure the pathogen activity is deactivated before it infects the patient or surgeon.
The Powder-free medical gloves
The gloves are the best and most preferred by the surgery professions. Because corn starch, used in powder gloves, reduces the healing process of wounds when it gets into contact with the injury. Even though the powder provided an easy slip of the glove out of hand, the manufacturers are working out to produce powder-free gloves that can quickly get out of hand.
Powder-free gloves are on the rise from different manufacturers. The ban was after the health organizations banned the use of powdery gloves during operations. The powders appeared to show a significant effect after research, that the patient has delayed wound healing after the powders get into contact with their wounds during the process.
Neoprene surgical gloves
Neoprene surgical gloves are the best option for medical professions who are allergic to latex. Sometimes the neoprene gloves have a nitrile coating. The gloves offer an excellent chemical resistance feature from the most hazardous chemicals like acids, oils, alcohols, Artshell, and even inks. It is always referred to as acid gloves because of its ability to protect you from acids and base effects.
Polyvinyl alcohol surgical gloves
PVA gloves are an excellent choice when dealing with chlorinated chemicals and aromatics. PVA holds up some nasty stuff, but water can easily dissolve it. The gloves are soluble in water.
Polyvinyl gloves are importantly usable in various medical applications because of their properties of a low tendency for protein adhesion, biocompatibility, and low toxic levels. It is correctly used for the replacement of cartilages and eye drops.
Finesse surgical gloves
Finesse surgical glove manufacturing is the use of molecular layer technology. The gloves enhance a clean composition and a highly protective barrier from infection or contamination. However, the formation of the molecular film structure is complicated because the molecules bonding is automated to form a thin molecular layer. And each layer will be deposited then guided by the molecular interactions.
Examples of the Finessis surgical gloves are Finessis Corium surgical gloves size 6, 7, 5.5 and 6.5
Finesse Zero is also another type of Finessis surgical gloves. The gloves have the highest acceptable quality level of AQ 10. The gloves are also high electrical resistance, a good feel fit design, and high high-performance elastomer.
Finesse gloves offer two types of protection.
- Healthcare acquired infection. The disinfectant design layer in the middle prevents the passage of pathogens from the patients to the surgeon. In case a needle puncture of the gloves occurs, the disinfectant layer will disrupt the transmission of the pathogen before it reaches the operating surgeon.
- Surgical site infection prevention. In the case where the breaching of the gloves occurs, the transfer of bacteria and other pathogens hindered by the middle layer, which offers a disinfection action. Before the infection factor reaches the patient or the surgeon, its effectiveness will be already minimal.
Biogel surgical gloves
Biogel surgical gloves have reliable protection from your hands, and it provides the best perforation detection. The gloves also provide improved tactile sensitivity and comfort fit to your hands, thus reducing hand fatigue.
Examples of Biogel surgical gloves include the Biogel PI indicator, a double-gloving glove made of synthetic. Another example is the Biogel Eclipse Reveal system, a supernatural rubber latex with high resistance to puncture.
The Non-latex surgical gloves
The gloves are of synthetic runner origin material. The material has a high resistance to punctures and is suitable for long surgical operation practices. The flexibility, sensitivity, ease of donning, thinness, and feeling of non-latex gloves are close to natural latex rubber gloves.
Also, non-latex gloves are from synthetic polymers like neoprene and chloroprene, a human-made molecular structure close to natural rubber.
Double-glove layer gloves
The double gloving practice is where you put on two layers of gloves to increase the efficiency of pathogen transmission. Surgeons double glove when operating patients who are having a highly infectious disease like HIV AIDS and Covid-19. The practice also protects the patient from any infection from the surgeon.
The two layers of medical surgical gloves help to reduce the risk of infection from the outer glove or even penetration of a surgical object during the operation practice. The double-glove layers offer more protection against the inner glove layer perforation in surgical operation than the single glove layer.
Besides, cotton gloves can be worn inside or under the single-use glove to reduce the amount of sweating when you are wearing the gloves for a more extended period.
Butyl surgical fit rubber gloves
Manufacturing of the gloves takes place with a unique solution dipped process. Tight molecular structures are enhanced to ensure the gloves have a chemical impermeability. Butyl surgical fit rubber gloves are better for comfort, fit, dexterity, and your security.
An example of butyl surgical gloves is an Uvex Profabutyl chemical-resistant rubber gloves B-05R, which offers outstanding protection against chemicals.
Polythene long surgical gloves
Polythene long surgical gloves are the cheapest gloves in the market for your surgeons. The polythene gloves are suitable for light surgical operations or duties which require frequent glove changes. Polythene gloves are long enough to protect you from getting in contact with any fluids or contaminants.
The PE gloves are also loosely fit for comfortable wearing and removal. These gloves are always disposable. The long polythene surgical gloves are available in many varieties that suit you.
Chloronite surgical gloves
Chloronite surgical gloves are best for major operations. The gloves are light in weight. Chloronite gloves are the best in chemical handling.
Polyisoprene surgical gloves
Polyisoprene gloves are a product of synthetic materials and a molecular structure similar to natural rubber in latex. The gloves are latex protein-free. And it is usually the most expensive gloves. Polyisoprene is available with a polymer inner coating, which allows easy donning even with damp or dry hands.
Polyisoprene is the most expensive material used to make surgical gloves. However, there is much adoption of Polyisoprene gloves because of its valuable properties similar to latex surgical gloves.
Derma Prene IsoTouch is one of the best examples of Polyisoprene surgical gloves. Derma Prene Iso touch is a powder-free surgical glove, with a light green colour for easy identification as a natural rubber latex-free glove. The colour helps in reducing confusion and risk to the healthcare workers and patients with susceptible skin.
Another advantage of the Derma Prene IsoTouch is that it enhances comfort and fit to reduce stress and hand fatigue.
Choosing the best type of gloves for you is very crucial. The selection should be made based on the application you will be using the gloves, the cost, and allergies it causes. Remember to choose the gloves that best fit your hands to prevent rolling down the side and provide a comfortable fit.
Medical gloves are available in two types: exam gloves and surgical gloves. The main types of surgical gloves mainly used by both the low medical facility and improved medical facilities are sterile surgical gloves, nitrile, vinyl, and latex surgical gloves.
However, many people have complained about allergies reactions from powdered gloves. When choosing the medical gloves, you can select from powder-free gloves or lightly powder to avoid allergic reactions.
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